Icon of Holy Apostle Peter,
Martyr of Old Rome
Feast: June 29
Sts. Peter and Paul ended their lives at Rome after having established
the Church there. St. Paul seems to have been the primary founder of
the Roman Church, though St. Peter also wrought mightily there. These
Saints were especially beloved in Old England. In London, the great
monastic church was dedicated to St. Peter, and the great cathedral
church to St. Paul. By a revelation, St. Peter indicated the site of
St. Peter's (now known as "Westminster Abbey"), and by tradition St.
Peter was seen to appear and consecrate the temple before the Bishop
could do so. There is also a tradition that St. Paul sailed to England
and preached at the Ludgate, where now stands St. Paul's. The St.
Peter's Fast, beginning after Pentecost, was kept in England, as shown
in the writings of St. Theodore of Canterbury, but was called the
"post-Pentecost" fast. Holy Apostle Peter, pray to God for us!
The topmost icon is 13th or 14th century Italian, but iconographic
style is still markedly present.
The middle icon is an
illumination from a manuscript, showing the Veneration of the Chains of
Blessed Apostle Peter.
The bottom-most icon is by the
hand of Monk Michael of Mt. Athos.